Friday, November 13, 3:00 p.m.
Center for Social Complexity Suite
Research Hall, Third Floor

Identities and Expectations Effect on Group Efficacy: An Agent-Based Model

Gary Bogle, PhD Candidate
Computational Social Science Program
Department of Computational and Data Sciences
George Mason University

ABSTRACT: Expectation States Theory describes the process of the formation of status hierarchies among members engaged in task-oriented behavior. These hierarchies form based on expectations of performance that arise from evaluation of social status characteristics and through behavioral interchange patterns that reinforce performance expectations. My research seeks to examine identity and expectations and their effect on the efficacy of group action. This research is being conducted using a agent-based model of small group behavior, namely, individuals conducting a wine tasting to jointly determine a rating for a set of wines. Agent action within the model will be based on the Belief-Desire-Intention cognitive model. The expected result of this research is that the emergence of hierarchies based on status will be a detriment to agents reaching the best choice of a wine rating. Additionally, it is expected that the introduction of identity will be a further detriment to correctly evaluating wines and will increase the time it takes for status hierarchies to form.