COMPUTATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE

Conflict in East Africa

Figure: An image of herders in a 150km by 150km area of East Africa grouping by clan around watering holes after 100 years of simulation time.

This image is from a model research the Center for Social Complexity is doing looking into the complex social causes of conflict in east Africa. Agents of the "red" clan (small red squares) are mostly found around watering holes (dark blue squares) in the south and "blue" clan is mostly in the north-east with both having some members of the other clan mixed in. Some watering holes currently have no herders (in south central). The larger magenta square in the center of the image indicates a conflict between herders of different clans at a watering hole. The large light blue squares indicate herders of the same clan sharing resources. The background, ranging from yellow to green, indicates vegetation available for grazing based on land fertility, rainfall, and grazing history.

This work is supported by the Center for Social Complexity of George Mason University and by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) under a Multi-disciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) grant no. N00014-08-1-0921 and supports two PhD students at the Department. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.

Further Infomation/Publications:

Cioffi-Revilla, Claudio, and Rouleau, Mark (2010) "MASON RebeLand: An Agent-Based Model of Politics, Environment, and Insurgency". International Studies Review 12(1): In press.

Kennedy, W.G. (2009) "Cognitive Plausibility" in Cognitive Modeling, Artificial Intelligence, and Social Simulation. Poster presented at the International Conference on Cognitive Modeling. Manchester, UK. 24-26 July 2009.

Rouleau, M., Coletti, Bassett, J.K., Hailegiorgis, A.B., Gulden, T., and Kennedy, W.G., (2009) "Conflict in Complex Socio-Natural Systems: Using Agent-Based Modeling to Understand the Behavioral Roots of Social Unrest within the Mandera Triangle". Paper presented at the Human Behavior-Computational Modeling and Interoperability Conference 2009. Oak Ridge, TN. 23-24 June 2009.

Cioffi-Revilla, C. and Rouleau, M. (2009) "MASON AfriLand: A Regional Multi-Country Agent-Based Model with Cultural and Environmental Dynamics". Paper presented at the Human Behavior-Computational Modeling and Interoperability Conference 2009. Oak Ridge, TN. 23-24 June 2009.

Cioffi-Revilla, C. and Rouleau, M. (2009) MASON RebeLand: An Agent-Based Model of Politics, Environment, and Insurgency. Paper presented at the Human Behavior-Computational Modeling and Interoperability Conference 2009. Oak Ridge, TN. 23-24 June 2009.

Kennedy, W.G., Rouleau, M., and Bassett, J.K. (2009) Multiple Levels of Cognition within Agent-Based Modeling, Poster presented at the Eighteenth Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation (BRIMS). Sundance, UT. 30 March – 2 April 2009.